Like its Commonwealth neighbours, traffic circulates on the left. Human beings were bought and sold by African tribal chiefs, first to Arab Muslim traders and sent to Middle East Asia cities and plantations, and later to Portuguese and other European traders as well. According to the 2011 UNAIDS Report, the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Mozambique seems to be levelling off.
Historically within Mozambique there was slavery.
Mozambique operates a small, functioning military that handles all aspects of domestic national defence, the Mozambique Defence Armed Forces. On 5 September 2014, former president Guebuza and the leader of RENAMO Dhlakama signed the Accord on Cessation of Hostilities, which brought the military hostilities to a halt and allowed both parties to concentrate on the general elections to be held in October 2014. contracts for four cities expired in 2008 and when the foreign partner , While allegiances dating back to the liberation struggle remain relevant, Mozambique's foreign policy has become increasingly pragmatic. The two best known and most influential contemporary Mozambican artists are the painter Malangatana Ngwenya and the sculptor Alberto Chissano. For other uses, see.
, The second general elections were held 3–5 December 1999, with high voter turnout. , According to a 2011 survey, the total fertility rate was 5.9 children per woman, with 6.6 in rural areas and 4.5 in urban areas. . Browse All Mozambican Recipes:
espetada (kebab), the popular inteiro com piripiri (whole chicken in piri-piri sauce), prego (steak roll), pudim (pudding), and rissóis (battered shrimp) are all Portuguese dishes commonly eaten in present-day Mozambique. , On 19 October 1986, Samora Machel was on his way back from an international meeting in Zambia in the presidential Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft when the plane crashed in the Lebombo Mountains near Mbuzini.
The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. The Chopi, for instance, act out battles dressed in animal skins. The districts are further divided in 405 "Postos Administrativos" (Administrative Posts) and then into Localidades (Localities), the lowest geographical level of the central state administration. As part of their response to FRELIMO, the Portuguese government began to pay more attention to creating favourable conditions for social development and economic growth. As part of their response to FRELIMO, the Portuguese government began to pay more attention to creating favourable conditions for social development and economic growth.
 However, the number of private newspapers with critical views of the government have increased significantly in recent years.[when?  The central Beira Railroad Corporation route links the port of Beira to the landlocked countries of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Presidential and National Assembly elections took place on 1–2 December 2004.
Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port towns developed here, which contributed to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language. The Administrative Committee is located in Maputo. Modes of transport in Mozambique include rail, road, water, and air. Languages widely spoken natively include Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena.  Mozambique also belonged to the Front Line States. Both the opposition and observers subsequently cited flaws in the tabulation process that, had they not occurred, might have changed the outcome. Turnout was very low. Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of non-marine molluscs of Mozambique, Water supply and sanitation in Mozambique, United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, start of the armed fight for national liberation, http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/mozambique#/?affiliations_religion_id=0&affiliations_year, https://www.indexmundi.com/mozambique/religions.html, "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns", "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Provincial Autonomy: The Territorial Dimension of Peace in Mozambique", "The archaeological evidence for the appearance of pastoralism and farming in southern Africa", Independence redux in postsocialist Mozambique, Table 14.1C Centi-Kilo Murdering States: Estimates, Sources and Calculations, A Mozambique Formally at Peace Is Bled by Hunger and Brutality, "Special Investigation into the death of President Samora Machel", "Mozambican refugees stuck between somewhere and nowhere", "Religious unrest in Mozambique – in pictures", "ISIS take over luxury islands popular among A-list celebrities", "Amid a Cyclone's Floods and Destruction, Mozambique Finds Shards of Hope", Mozambican ex-rebels Renamo in police clash, President Halonen: Development aid should be transparent and efficient, "Mozambique decriminalises gay and lesbian relationships", "Mozambique's enduring discrimination leaves gay men untreated for HIV", "Mozambique | Þróunarsamvinnustofnun Íslands", World DataBank World Development Indicators Mozambique, Portugal's unemployed heading to Mozambique 'paradise', "Mozambique proposes new anti-corruption laws", "Mozambique: Corruption Alleged in Anti-Drugs Office", "Great Lakes Africa Energy | Our Projects", "GLA Energy to construct 250MW gas powered plant in Mozambique", "Will Mozambique end up like Nigeria or Norway? Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. , Pupils in front of their school in Nampula, Mozambique. Italy also maintains a profile in Mozambique as a result of its key role during the peace process. As of 2005[update] there were 3,123 km of railway track, consisting of 2,983 km of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge, compatible with neighbouring rail systems, and a 140 km line of 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge, the Gaza Railway. New pastors are ordained each year.  The devastating floods of early 2000 slowed GDP growth to 2.1%, but a full recovery was achieved in 2001 with growth of 14.8%. RENAMO-UE coalition won 116 seats, one went independent, and no third parties are represented. Tourism in Marine Environments, 7(3-4), 141-151.  The war was marked by mass human rights violations from both sides of the conflict, with RENAMO contributing to the chaos through the use of terror and indiscriminate targeting of civilians. Administrative posts are headed by a Secretários (secretaries), which before independence were called Chefes de Posto (post chiefs).
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