proverbs 31 commentary

If she buy any thing for her household, she sells sufficient of her own manufactures to pay for it; if she imports, she exports: and she sends articles of her own manufacturing or produce to distant countries; she traffics with the neighboring tribes. It is presented as advice which Lemuel’s mother gave to him, about how a just king should reign, and in the second part detailing the attributes of a good wife or ideal woman. Proverb 31 is the 31st chapter of the Book of Proverbs in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. To those who are going to the fields, and to the flocks, she gives the food necessary for the day: טרף teref, prey, a term taken from hunting, the object of which was, the supplying their natural wants: hence applied to daily food.

I have often seen it wrapping the bodies of mummies; it is something like our coarse calico. The epilogue in Proverbs 31:30 - Proverbs 31:31 is not the continuation of the husband’s speech. And to the women who are to be employed within she gives חק chok, the task - the kind of work they are to do, the materials out of which they are to form it, and the quantity she expects from each. She takes care of her own health and strength, not only by means of useful labor, but by healthy exercise. Proverbs 31: 10-31 offers an alternative starting place and ending place: "Give her a share in the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the city gates."

She is invaluable; her price is far above rubies - no quantity of precious stones can be equal to her worth. The praise of a virtuous woman and good housewife, in her economy, prudence, watchfulness, and assiduity in labor, vv. She is very careful to recommend herself to her husband's esteem and affection, to know his mind, and is willing that he rule over her. 4. This acrostic construction was used in several psalms (such as Psalms 9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, and 145 and Lamentations 4). She is an unspotted wife. All rights reserved. So they are of a decent, orderly, respectable, religious behavior. She has her husband's happiness in view constantly. The words and prophecy of King Lemuel, and what his mother taught him, Proverbs 31:1, Proverbs 31:2. 2. It at once points the lesson from the whole picture for King Lemuel, and unveils the root of the excellences described. For all her household are clothed with scarlet - Not scarlet, for the color can avail nothing in keeping off the cold; nor would it be a proper color for the bogs and dirt of winter. The spinning-wheel superseded them in these countries; but still they were in considerable use till spinning machinery superseded both them and the spinning-wheels in general. חיל אשת esheth chayil, a strong or virtuous wife, full of mental energy. These are still a very general and very expensive article of dress. She is an economist of time; and when the nights are long, and the days short, her family not only spend a part of the evening after sunset in domestic labor, but they all arise before daylight, and prepare the day's food, that they may not have their labor interrupted. She is wise and intelligent; she has not neglected the cultivation of her mind. Who can find a virtuous woman? Favor is deceitful, beauty is vain: but a woman that reverences the LORD, she shall be praised. She gives an example of skill and industry to her household. In her house, diligence in business, and fervency of spirit, serving the Lord, go hand in hand.

May she long enjoy the fruit of her labors! Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information.

See notes on Proverbs 30:8. Thus labor never stood still; whilst some slept, others worked. She looketh well to the ways of her household -. She did not buy ready woven cloth: she procured the raw material, if wool, most probably from her own flocks; if flax, most probably from her own fields. He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Such connections are those which destroy kings, מלכין melachin, the Chaldee termination instead of the Hebrew. Favour, חן chen, grace of manner may be deceitful, many a fair appearance of this kind is put on, assumed for certain secular or more unworthy purposes; it is learned by painful drilling in polished seminaries, and, being the effect of mere physical discipline, it continues while the restraint lasts; but it is שקר sheker, a lie, a mere semblance, an outward varnish. She avoids what might enervate her body, or soften her mind - she is ever active, and girt ready for every necessary exercise.

Debauchery and much wine to be avoided, Proverbs 31:3-7. It needs no arguments to prove that women, even of the highest ranks, among the Greeks, Romans, and Israelites, worked with their hands at every kind of occupation necessary for the support of the family.

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